12. Cooperation and Cognition in Fishes

  1. Culum Brown3,
  2. Kevin Laland4 and
  3. Jens Krause5,6
  1. Michael S. Alfieri1 and
  2. Lee A. Dugatkin2

Published Online: 5 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch12

Fish Cognition and Behavior

Fish Cognition and Behavior

How to Cite

Alfieri, M. S. and Dugatkin, L. A. (2011) Cooperation and Cognition in Fishes, in Fish Cognition and Behavior (eds C. Brown, K. Laland and J. Krause), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia

  2. 4

    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9TS, Scotland, UK

  3. 5

    Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, Germany

  4. 6

    Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

Author Information

  1. 1

    Biology Department, Viterbo University, 900 Viterbo Drive, La Crosse, WI 54601, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Biology, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40208, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 JUL 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 JUL 2011

Book Series:

  1. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Tony J. Pitcher

Series Editor Information

  1. Fisheries Centre, Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Canada

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332216

Online ISBN: 9781444342536



  • cooperation and cognition in fishes;
  • belief, that social learning - restricted to, large-brained species of vertebrates;
  • four commonly recognised categories - explaining origin and maintenance of cooperation;
  • cooperation in fishes - diversity in morphology, behaviour, physiology, life histories;
  • categories and cognition prerequisites - cooperative behaviours in fishes;
  • kin selection, most intuitive category of cooperation;
  • category of cooperation, reciprocity - direct reciprocity, directed reciprocation or reciprocal altruism;
  • The Prisoner's Dilemma game - each cell pay-off to player 1, given its interaction with player 2;
  • Category 3, by-product mutualism - form of cooperation, in achieving the outcome;
  • cooperation in predator inspection - elements of reciprocity, and group-selected behaviour


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Why study cooperation in fishes?

  • Cooperation and its categories

  • Conclusion

  • Acknowledgements

  • References