2. Learning of Foraging Skills by Fish

  1. Culum Brown3,
  2. Kevin Laland4 and
  3. Jens Krause5,6
  1. Kevin Warburton1 and
  2. Roger Hughes2

Published Online: 5 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch2

Fish Cognition and Behavior

Fish Cognition and Behavior

How to Cite

Warburton, K. and Hughes, R. (2011) Learning of Foraging Skills by Fish, in Fish Cognition and Behavior (eds C. Brown, K. Laland and J. Krause), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia

  2. 4

    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9TS, Scotland, UK

  3. 5

    Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, Germany

  4. 6

    Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science, Charles Sturt University, Thurgoona, New South Wales, Australia

  2. 2

    School of Biological Sciences, Environment Centre, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, LL57 2UW, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 JUL 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 JUL 2011

Book Series:

  1. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Tony J. Pitcher

Series Editor Information

  1. Fisheries Centre, Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Canada

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332216

Online ISBN: 9781444342536



  • learning of foraging skills by fish - foraging behaviour of fishes, exciting stage;
  • perspectives and findings - fields of behavioural ecology and comparative psychology;
  • fish foraging, relationships - foraging performance, learning and contributory factors;
  • reinforcement, response probability - following a stimulus event;
  • association-formation and cognition - contributing to learning;
  • psychological principles, explaining - ‘suboptimal’ patterns of fish foraging;
  • patch use, and probability matching - animals, assessing patch quality, adjusting behaviours;
  • learning and motivation - enhancing performance;
  • learning and memory, decisive role - foraging activities of fish


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Some factors affecting the learning process

  • Patch use and probability matching

  • Performance

  • Tracking environmental variation

  • Competition

  • Learning and fish feeding: some applications

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements

  • References