7. Personality Traits and Behaviour

  1. Culum Brown2,
  2. Kevin Laland3 and
  3. Jens Krause4,5
  1. Sergey Budaev1 and
  2. Culum Brown2

Published Online: 5 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch7

Fish Cognition and Behavior

Fish Cognition and Behavior

How to Cite

Budaev, S. and Brown, C. (2011) Personality Traits and Behaviour, in Fish Cognition and Behavior (eds C. Brown, K. Laland and J. Krause), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia

  2. 3

    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9TS, Scotland, UK

  3. 4

    Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, Germany

  4. 5

    Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

Author Information

  1. 1

    Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninsky prospect 33, Moscow 119071, Russia

  2. 2

    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 JUL 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 JUL 2011

Book Series:

  1. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Tony J. Pitcher

Series Editor Information

  1. Fisheries Centre, Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Canada

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332216

Online ISBN: 9781444342536



  • personality traits and behaviour - alternative mating strategies, foraging tactics and other observed behaviours;
  • fishes, widely studied animals - utility of housing and breeding them in laboratory;
  • general methodological framework - for observation, analysis of fish individuality;
  • general approach, inferring stable individual characteristics - flexible behaviour;
  • shyness–boldness, related concepts - individual differences in behaviour;
  • coping styles, investigating - individual differences in fish behaviour;
  • adopting terminology, from human personality literature - applying to modern statistical analyses;
  • stability, consistency and variability - in behavioural traits;
  • behavioural consistency, found - in newly emerged and larval fishes;
  • better understanding of personality traits - for fisheries and aquaculture management


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Observation and description of personality

  • Proximate causation

  • Ontogeny and experience

  • Is personality adaptive?

  • Evolution

  • Wider implications

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements

  • References