9. Social Recognition of Conspecifics

  1. Culum Brown3,
  2. Kevin Laland4 and
  3. Jens Krause5,6
  1. Siân W. Griffiths1 and
  2. Ashley Ward2

Published Online: 5 JUL 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch9

Fish Cognition and Behavior

Fish Cognition and Behavior

How to Cite

Griffiths, S. W. and Ward, A. (2011) Social Recognition of Conspecifics, in Fish Cognition and Behavior (eds C. Brown, K. Laland and J. Krause), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444342536.ch9

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney 2109, Australia

  2. 4

    Centre for Social Learning and Cognitive Evolution, School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, Fife, KY16 9TS, Scotland, UK

  3. 5

    Department of Biology and Ecology of Fishes, Leibniz-Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries, Berlin, Germany

  4. 6

    Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany

Author Information

  1. 1

    Cardiff School of Biosciences, PO Box 915, Cardiff, Wales, CF10 3TL, UK

  2. 2

    School of Biological Sciences, University of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 JUL 2011
  2. Published Print: 29 JUL 2011

Book Series:

  1. Fish and Aquatic Resources Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Tony J. Pitcher

Series Editor Information

  1. Fisheries Centre, Aquatic Ecosystems Research Laboratory, University of British Columbia, Canada

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444332216

Online ISBN: 9781444342536



  • social recognition of conspecifics - population-level patterns of social organisation;
  • understanding decision rules, used by individuals - understanding of species ecology;
  • ecological contexts - recognition of conspecifics, in natural streams and rivers;
  • recognition of familiar individuals - chemical cues, and simple means of recognition;
  • more specific form of recognition - familiarity preferences in guppies;
  • familiarity in free-ranging fishes - non-random patterns of association between fishes;
  • factors, adaptive value of familiarity - to wild fishes, social dynamics of species;
  • kin recognition abilities, among fishes - putative benefits of kin-biased behaviour;
  • patterns of kin avoidance, in species - cannibalism prevalent, sibling competition intense;
  • recognition and discrimination - conspecifics, relatedness and familiarity among fishes


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Recognition of familiars

  • Familiarity or kin recognition?

  • Conclusion

  • References