2. Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Tropical Birds

  1. Navjot S. Sodhi1,
  2. Çağan H. Şekercioğlu2,
  3. Jos Barlow3 and
  4. Scott K. Robinson4

Published Online: 23 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444342611.ch2

Conservation of Tropical Birds

Conservation of Tropical Birds

How to Cite

Sodhi, N. S., Şekercioğlu, Ç. H., Barlow, J. and Robinson, S. K. (2011) Effects of Habitat Fragmentation on Tropical Birds, in Conservation of Tropical Birds, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444342611.ch2

Author Information

  1. 1

    National University of Singapore

  2. 2

    Stanford University, USA

  3. 3

    Lancaster University, UK

  4. 4

    University of Florida, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 8 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444334821

Online ISBN: 9781444342611



  • habitat fragmentation effects - on tropical birds;
  • habitat fragmentation, a characteristic feature - of most terrestrial ecosystems;
  • habitat fragmentation, dominant areas of ecological research - encompassing different areas;
  • theoretical basis for research on habitat fragmentation - traced back to equilibrium theory of island biogeography;
  • “SLOSS” debate (Single Large or Several Small) - whether single large or small reserves, more effective for preserving species subject to fragmentation;
  • area effects, most studied aspect of habitat fragmentation - small populations, vulnerable to extinction due to their heightened susceptibility to stochastic events;
  • physical effects - accompanied by a suite of biological phenomena;
  • human-induced edge effects, more cryptic - not having a direct influence on forest structure;
  • edge effects, important - even swamping area-related effects of fragmentation;
  • degradation of forest structure within forest strips - important factors in study by Lees and Peres (2008a), strongly affected by their width


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Theoretical premises of fragmentation

  • Area effects in tropical birds

  • Edge effects

  • Fragment isolation and the importance of connectivity

  • Temporal change in forest fragments

  • Conclusion