3. Tropical Bird Extinctions

  1. Navjot S. Sodhi1,
  2. Çağan H. Şekercioğlu2,
  3. Jos Barlow3 and
  4. Scott K. Robinson4

Published Online: 23 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444342611.ch3

Conservation of Tropical Birds

Conservation of Tropical Birds

How to Cite

Sodhi, N. S., Şekercioğlu, Ç. H., Barlow, J. and Robinson, S. K. (2011) Tropical Bird Extinctions, in Conservation of Tropical Birds, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444342611.ch3

Author Information

  1. 1

    National University of Singapore

  2. 2

    Stanford University, USA

  3. 3

    Lancaster University, UK

  4. 4

    University of Florida, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 8 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444334821

Online ISBN: 9781444342611



  • tropical bird extinctions - current bird extinction rate, 30 times more than expected;
  • concept of extinction debt - whether birds are the most endangered taxa;
  • background extinction rate, one extinction per million species-years (MSY) - consequence of environmental change, newly established competitive interactions, and occasional catastrophes;
  • Stork (2010), arguing that species extinctions - less frequent than expected, due to factors as increased availability of regenerating forests;
  • time taken to lose all the sensitive species - following habitat perturbation, called “relaxation time”;
  • recent bird extinctions - loss of bird species at San Antonio (Colombia), 1911 to 1990;
  • forest fragments, gaining disturbance-tolerance - or invasive species;
  • drivers of extinctions - synergistic feedbacks, threatening species in disturbed tropical rainforests, decreased survival, fecundity, resulting in extinction of a species;
  • specialization, one of the traits - making a species sensitive to disturbance;
  • extinction proneness - affected by size of a species' geographical range


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Extinctions over time

  • Extinction debt

  • Are birds the most endangered taxa?

  • Case studies of recent bird extinctions

  • Drivers of extinctions

  • Extinction vulnerability

  • Ecosystem resonance of bird extinctions

  • Extinction resistence