23. Pediatric Hematology

  1. Alvin H. Schmaier MD and
  2. Hillard M. Lazarus MD, FACP
  1. Sanjay P. Ahuja MD, MS

Published Online: 22 SEP 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444345254.ch23

Concise Guide to Hematology

Concise Guide to Hematology

How to Cite

Ahuja, S. P. (2011) Pediatric Hematology, in Concise Guide to Hematology (eds A. H. Schmaier and H. M. Lazarus), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444345254.ch23

Editor Information

  1. Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland, OH, USA

Author Information

  1. Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 SEP 2011
  2. Published Print: 4 NOV 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405196666

Online ISBN: 9781444345254



  • fetal hemoglobins;
  • developmental hemostasis;
  • hemolytic disease of the newborn;
  • neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia;
  • neonatal autoimmune cytopenias


Development of the human hematopoietic system begins early in the embryo. Several factors make the neonatal and fetal hematopoietic system unique and adaptable to extrauterine life. In infancy and childhood, there are age appropriate reference ranges for hemoglobin (Hb), WBC and coagulation parameters. There are several unique disorders commonly seen in the neonate such as hemolytic disease of the newborn, neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia, and various autoimmune cytopenias.