18. General Aspects of Napkin Dermatitis

  1. Alan D. Irvine MD, FRCPI, FRCP2,3,
  2. Peter H. Hoeger MD4,5 and
  3. Albert C. Yan MD, FAAP, FAAD6,7
  1. Arnold P. Oranje MD, PhD

Published Online: 24 MAY 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444345384.ch18

Harper's Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology, Volume 1, 2, Third Edition

Harper's Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology, Volume 1, 2, Third Edition

How to Cite

Oranje, A. P. (2011) General Aspects of Napkin Dermatitis, in Harper's Textbook of Pediatric Dermatology, Volume 1, 2, Third Edition (eds A. D. Irvine, P. H. Hoeger and A. C. Yan), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444345384.ch18

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

  2. 3

    Our Lady's Children's Hospital, Dublin, Ireland

  3. 4

    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany

  4. 5

    Catholic Children's Hospital Wilhelmstift, Hamburg, Germany

  5. 6

    University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA, USA

  6. 7

    The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA

Author Information

  1. Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus MC, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 MAY 2011
  2. Published Print: 3 JUN 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405176958

Online ISBN: 9781444345384

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Keywords:

  • Napkin dermatitis;
  • faeces;
  • urine;
  • friction;
  • hydration;
  • temperature;
  • chemical irritants;
  • proteases;
  • Candida albicans;
  • Staphylococcus aureus

Summary

Among the causative factors of napkin dermatitis the role played by faeces, urine, friction, hydration, temperature, chemical irritants, proteases and secondarily by superimposed microorganisms such as Candida albicans and Staphylococcus aureus, has to be considered. In the 1990s the frequency and severity of napkin dermatitis significantly decreased thanks to the better quality of napkin material.