2. Purine Alkaloids: A Focus on Caffeine and Related Compounds in Beverages

  1. Alan Crozier3,
  2. Hiroshi Ashihara4 and
  3. Francisco Tomás-Barbéran5
  1. Michael E. J. Lean1,
  2. Hiroshi Ashihara4,
  3. Michael N. Clifford2 and
  4. Alan Crozier3

Published Online: 9 NOV 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781444347098.ch2

Teas, Cocoa and Coffee: Plant Secondary Metabolites and Health

Teas, Cocoa and Coffee: Plant Secondary Metabolites and Health

How to Cite

Lean, M. E. J., Ashihara, H., Clifford, M. N. and Crozier, A. (2011) Purine Alkaloids: A Focus on Caffeine and Related Compounds in Beverages, in Teas, Cocoa and Coffee: Plant Secondary Metabolites and Health (eds A. Crozier, H. Ashihara and F. Tomás-Barbéran), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781444347098.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 3

    School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK

  2. 4

    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University, Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan

  3. 5

    CEBAS CSIC, PO Box 164, Espinardo 30100 Murcia, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Glasgow College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, Walton Building, Royal Infirmary, 84 Castle Street, Glasgow G4 0SF, UK

  2. 2

    Food Safety Research Group, Centre for Nutrition and Food Safety, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, UK

  3. 3

    School of Medicine, College of Medical, Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK

  4. 4

    Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Humanities and Sciences, Ochanomizu University, Otsuka, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8610, Japan

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 9 NOV 2011
  2. Published Print: 4 NOV 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444334418

Online ISBN: 9781444347098

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Keywords:

  • purine alkaloids, and caffeine;
  • methylxanthines, methyluric acids;
  • synthetic caffeine, soft drinks;
  • yerba maté leaves;
  • purine alkaloid biosynthesis;
  • decaffeinated coffee with ‘decafe’;
  • plants, and caffeine catabolism;
  • humans, and caffeine metabolism;
  • caffeine's commercial success;
  • adverse effect tolerance

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Occurrence of purine alkaloids

  • Biosynthesis of purine alkaloids

  • Degradation of purine alkaloids

  • Decaffeinated tea and coffee

  • Metabolism of caffeine by humans

  • Effects of caffeine consumption on human health

  • Summary

  • References