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African Maghreb, migration to the European Union, 1980–present

Migration A–Z

A

  1. Kabran Aristide Djane

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm003

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Djane, K. A. 2013. African Maghreb, migration to the European Union, 1980–present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

A growing body of research on migration between Africa and Western Europe, conducted from 1990 to 2012, focuses on new demographic forms of population mobility from Africa and the countries of the European Union via the Maghreb. Migration, encompassing more countries and a growing population, reflects growing socioeconomic inequality between poor countries of the global South and the global North and escalating political conflict. The forces of migration are multidimensional, resulting from poverty, political instability, and violent conflict within and between African countries. The generalization of the restrictive visa entry system for African migrants traveling to Europe through the Schengen Area system, legislated by the European Union, constitutes a geopolitical dilemma of legislative proportions.

Keywords:

  • demography and population studies;
  • economics;
  • capitalism;
  • labor;
  • cultural diversity;
  • Development