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African diasporas, theories, representations and definitions

Migration A–Z

A

  1. Papa Sakho

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm018

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Sakho, P. 2013. African diasporas, theories, representations and definitions. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

In the early 21st century, populations of African origin are more and more visible in migration discourses, as much in receiving countries of the North as on the African continent, even though the former only represent a tiny proportion of individuals established outside their continent of origin. As cases in point, in the early 2000s the World Bank estimated their presence in the countries of the North at nearly one million in the USA (22 percent being of North African origin), and 282,600 in Canada; and in Europe at 4.7 million (1.7 million from sub-Saharan Africa, 3 million from North Africa) (World Bank 2007). Yet, on the one hand these African populations attract attention from Northern countries, especially through their rapid growth, to the point of invoking an “invasion.” On the other hand, within the African continent they draw attention to themselves because of the importance of money transfers, which, in recent years, has often been referred to as a godsend.

Keywords:

  • Atlantic world;
  • diaspora;
  • slavery;
  • human trafficking;
  • globalization;
  • South America;
  • transnationalism;
  • imperialism