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Arab Gulf Cooperation Council in Southwest Asia migration

Migration A–Z

A

  1. Mohammed Dito

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm034

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Dito, M. 2013. Arab Gulf Cooperation Council in Southwest Asia migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Few countries in the world have debated as long and hard on the nature and consequences of migration as have the member states of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): the United Arab Emirates, the State of Bahrain, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Sultanate of Oman, the State of Qatar, the State of Kuwait. The discovery of oil in the countries around the Gulf countries in the mid-20th century was a strategic geopolitical factor that shaped much of the modernization process of these countries, a process that has witnessed a radical acceleration especially in the aftermath of the oil crisis of October 1973. Labor migration to these countries opened new opportunities for millions of migrant workers, especially from other Arab and later from Southeast Asian countries.

Keywords:

  • Asia;
  • capitalism;
  • demography and population studies;
  • geopolitics;
  • labor supply;
  • regional development