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Assimilation, integration, and incorporation

Migration A–Z


  1. Mary G. Powers

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm047

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Powers, M. G. 2013. Assimilation, integration, and incorporation. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


Theory and research on assimilation, integration, and incorporation all seek to explain how immigrants and their children become part of their host society. Assimilation theory as originally proposed by Park and Burgess (1921; Park 1930) was based on their analysis of the experiences and characteristics of 19th- and early 20th-century European immigrants to the United States. Implicit in the theory were assumptions of (1) a single majority culture and (2) a one-way process during which immigrants changed their language and cultural characteristics to become more like the dominant group in the host country.


  • assimilation and exclusion;
  • cultural diversity;
  • cross-cultural;
  • citizenship;
  • ethnocentrism;
  • identity politics;
  • political asylum;
  • Prejudice