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Asylum

Migration A–Z

A

  1. Connie Oxford

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm048

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Oxford, C. 2013. Asylum. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Asylum is a distinctive immigration status that is granted to migrants who fear that they will be persecuted if they return to their home country. Asylum-seekers are different from other migrants, such as those who leave their country for economic reasons or to reunite with family members, because they have either been persecuted or fear that they will be persecuted if they remain in their country of origin. Asylum is often classified as a form of forced migration. The assumption is that the fear of persecution is so dire that one is left with no other choice except to migrate. Asylum is certainly not the only form of forced migration as many are driven from their homes as a result of civil war or environmental catastrophe without having suffered persecution.

Keywords:

  • political asylum;
  • civil war;
  • geopolitics;
  • ethnic cleansing;
  • ethnic conflict;
  • war;
  • prejudice;
  • humanitarian intervention