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Bonded labor and migration, Russia

Migration A–Z

B

  1. Boris B. Gorshkov

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm069

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Gorshkov, B. B. 2013. Bonded labor and migration, Russia. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

In the context of Russian history, bonded labor refers to several types of unfree labor. These included the labor of slaves, serfs, indentured servants, laborers of state and manorial factories and mines, as well as penal and child labor, military conscription, and trafficking. All these types entailed employment against the will of the employed and sometimes their involuntary relocation. Each of these types of labor existed throughout Russia's history during certain time periods, experienced dynamics (evolution, changes, or continuity), and declined or was outlawed.

Keywords:

  • empire;
  • labor;
  • slavery;
  • farming;
  • poverty;
  • revolution;
  • political economy