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Bulgaria, migration late 19th century to present

Migration A–Z

B

  1. Maria Stoilkova and Ayse Parla

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm080

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Parla, M. S. a. A. 2013. Bulgaria, migration late 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Situated in southeast Europe at the crossroads of southeastern Europe and Asia Minor, Bulgaria has had its share of population movements, yet official national narratives systematically ignored migration. Cultural attitudes and state policy toward these flows in and out of Bulgaria may be said to be characterized by a tension between the attribution of minority status on the one hand and immigration status on the other. This essay identifies three distinct periods for the management of migratory flows: the first beginning in the 1870s when Bulgaria received its autonomy; the second, roughly framed between 1949 and 1989 during communist rule; and the third starting post-1989 after the collapse of the socialist system and running up to the present.

Keywords:

  • borders;
  • cross-cultural;
  • war;
  • regional development