Bulgaria, migration late 19th century to present
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Parla, M. S. a. A. 2013. Bulgaria, migration late 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Situated in southeast Europe at the crossroads of southeastern Europe and Asia Minor, Bulgaria has had its share of population movements, yet official national narratives systematically ignored migration. Cultural attitudes and state policy toward these flows in and out of Bulgaria may be said to be characterized by a tension between the attribution of minority status on the one hand and immigration status on the other. This essay identifies three distinct periods for the management of migratory flows: the first beginning in the 1870s when Bulgaria received its autonomy; the second, roughly framed between 1949 and 1989 during communist rule; and the third starting post-1989 after the collapse of the socialist system and running up to the present.
- regional development