Cameroon, migration 1960s to present
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Chouapi, N. K. D. 2013. Cameroon, migration 1960s to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
During the last five decades from 1960 to 2010, the economic evolution of Cameroon has passed through three primary stages: (1) years of growth (1960–85); (2) years of economic crisis (1986–90); followed by (3) years of international multilateral lending institutions binding economic programs of boosting macroeconomic indicators through structural adjustment and other programs (1990–present). Populations undergoing the requirements of Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) have been reduced more and more to poverty. In fact, 39.9 percent of the population live under the poverty line (NIS 2007: 14). In response to growing poverty, many Cameroonians have moved in search of better living conditions elsewhere, both within Cameroon and out of the country. Key factors of migration among most Cameroonians are family reunification (24.0%), relocation in search of education, studies, or training (18.8%) and lack of autonomy (17.8%)(ECAM 3, 2007: 106).
- demography and population studies;
- labor supply;
- sustainable development