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Cameroon, migration 1960s to present

Migration A–Z

C

  1. Nadège Kouam D. Chouapi

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm084

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Chouapi, N. K. D. 2013. Cameroon, migration 1960s to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

During the last five decades from 1960 to 2010, the economic evolution of Cameroon has passed through three primary stages: (1) years of growth (1960–85); (2) years of economic crisis (1986–90); followed by (3) years of international multilateral lending institutions binding economic programs of boosting macroeconomic indicators through structural adjustment and other programs (1990–present). Populations undergoing the requirements of Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) have been reduced more and more to poverty. In fact, 39.9 percent of the population live under the poverty line (NIS 2007: 14). In response to growing poverty, many Cameroonians have moved in search of better living conditions elsewhere, both within Cameroon and out of the country. Key factors of migration among most Cameroonians are family reunification (24.0%), relocation in search of education, studies, or training (18.8%) and lack of autonomy (17.8%)(ECAM 3, 2007: 106).

Keywords:

  • demography and population studies;
  • development;
  • gender;
  • labor supply;
  • sustainable development