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Canada: gender and migration

Migration A–Z


  1. Daiva Stasiulis

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm086

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Stasiulis, D. 2013. Canada: gender and migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


The multidisciplinary scholarship on migration to Canada is increasingly attentive to how gender – as ideology and a set of social relations – has centrally shaped immigration policies, patterns, and outcomes for different migrant and diasporic communities, regions, and the country as a whole. While some Canadian migration scholars have long argued that migration is gendered (Boyd 1986), researchers and policy-makers have for the most part ignored female migrants and women left behind, and failed to consider how gender should be taken into account in analysis of male as well as female migration. Only recently has migration scholarship gone beyond counting women migrants to consider gender a key organizing principle of the reasons, processes, and outcomes of migration. This intensified interest has no doubt been provoked by the “feminisation of migration,” i.e., an increase in international female migration, that is, in the Canadian context, on a par with male migration (Castles & Miller 2009).


  • gender;
  • women;
  • cultural diversity;
  • ethnocentrism;
  • globalization;
  • human trafficking;
  • immigration