Canada: internal migration
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Nerbas, D. 2013. Canada: internal migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration.
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
During the late 1860s and early 1870s the vast territories of northern North America were assembled under a new political entity called Canada. With this, the new Canadian state assumed political authority over a highly regionalized geographic space peopled by individuals whose migration patterns and worldviews failed to respect national boundaries. In the case of Canada, a settler society, the project of nation-building was explicitly linked to attracting large numbers of immigrants, but outmigration also remained common; and an estimated 2.8 million people left for the United States between 1840 and 1940 (Ramirez 2001: ix). Internal migration thus represents a discrete category of migration, which only became recognizable as such after the creation and consolidation of imperial and national boundaries.
Keywords: poverty; demography and population studies; farming; labor supply; indigenous peoples