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Caribbean African diaspora, 19th–20th century

Migration A–Z

C

  1. Laurie Jacklin

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm092

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Jacklin, L. 2013. Caribbean African diaspora, 19th–20th century. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Four centuries of the transatlantic slave trade created the African Caribbean diaspora, uprooting millions of Africans from their distinct societies to labor under inhumane conditions on Caribbean sugar plantations and generate immense wealth for their owners. In the 19th century, heightening public outrage and anti-slavery reformers pressured Europeans to abolish slavery in their colonies. Britain did this in 1838 and France followed suit a decade later. Abolition spanned 64 years in the Spanish Caribbean, starting in the Dominican Republic (1822) and ending in Cuba (1886). The second wave of diasporization occurred as the former slaves and generations of their descendants migrated and resettled within and beyond the Caribbean during the 19th and 20th centuries. The modern African Caribbean diaspora consists of innumerable diverse and heterogeneous anglophone, francophone, and hispanic populations. These Afro-Creole societies, along with their enslaved ancestors, share the legacy of repression – targeting their African heritage – and their relentless resistance to it.

Keywords:

  • Atlantic world;
  • slavery;
  • labor supply;
  • colonialism;
  • imperialism;
  • labor