Caribbean agriculture and migration
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Momsen, J. 2013. Caribbean agriculture and migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Migration is an institutionalized feature of Caribbean societies (Thomas-Hope 1978). The pre-Columbian movement of Amerindians from elsewhere in the Americas, European colonization, the forced transfer of several million Africans as plantation slaves, the post-Emancipation arrival of indentured agricultural workers from India, Indonesia, and Europe, and the more recent circum-Caribbean and international emigration of West Indian workers counterbalanced by a flow of sun-seeking tourists from the global North, are all elements of the human flux in the region. The switch, after four hundred years, from a region of labor shortage to one of labor reserve reflects changes in regional resource use, the declining role of agriculture in the regional economy, the introduction of labor-saving devices such as the plough in the 19th century and the improved accessibility of the region in the last six decades.
- Atlantic world;
- regional development;
- labor supply;