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Citizenship, nationality, and legal status

Migration A–Z


  1. Chulwoo Lee

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm138

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Lee, C. 2013. Citizenship, nationality, and legal status. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


Citizenship is defined in terms of its three fundamental axes: “extent (rules and norms of inclusion and exclusion), content (rights and responsibilities) and depth (thickness or thinness)” (Isin & Turner 2002: 2). Here, we are concerned primarily with extent and partially with content. The extent of citizenship is gauged by the rules governing membership of the given political community. That community could be a small substate unit or a supranational entity such as the European Union. Yet membership of the nation-state has been the quintessential mode of citizenship, although it is under debate whether national citizenship will remain the dominant modality in the face of globalization.


  • political asylum;
  • transnationalism;
  • social policy;
  • cultural diversity;
  • assimilation and exclusion;
  • equality;
  • criminal justice