Citizenship, nationality, and legal status
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Lee, C. 2013. Citizenship, nationality, and legal status. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Citizenship is defined in terms of its three fundamental axes: “extent (rules and norms of inclusion and exclusion), content (rights and responsibilities) and depth (thickness or thinness)” (Isin & Turner 2002: 2). Here, we are concerned primarily with extent and partially with content. The extent of citizenship is gauged by the rules governing membership of the given political community. That community could be a small substate unit or a supranational entity such as the European Union. Yet membership of the nation-state has been the quintessential mode of citizenship, although it is under debate whether national citizenship will remain the dominant modality in the face of globalization.
- political asylum;
- social policy;
- cultural diversity;
- assimilation and exclusion;
- criminal justice