Standard Article

Congo (DRC), migration, 1960 to present

Migration A–Z

C

  1. Germain Ngoie Tshibambe,

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm147

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Tshibambe,, G. N. 2013. Congo (DRC), migration, 1960 to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Located in the heart of Africa with an area of 2,345,000 sq km, the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) gained independence on June 30, 1960. Between 1958 and 1984 the population of the DRC increased from 13.5 to 30.7 million inhabitants. According to 2008 projections of the United Nations Population Division (UNPD), the population more than doubled to 67,827,000 in 2010, with an annual population growth rate estimated at 3.3 percent from 1990 and 1995 and 2.8 percent between 2005 and 2010 (UNDP 2009). This population is unevenly distributed among different regions of the country, with about 70 percent of Congolese living in rural areas.

Keywords:

  • ethnic conflict;
  • civil war;
  • poverty;
  • demography and population studies;
  • development