Czech Republic and Slovakia, migration 19th century to present
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Szczepanikova, A. 2013. Czech Republic and Slovakia, migration 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Up until the early 1990s today's Czech and Slovak Republics were countries of emigration rather than immigration. The 19th and the early 20th centuries witnessed large-scale emigrations from Czech and Slovak lands – then still part of the Austro-Hungarian empire – due to primarily economic deprivation but also religious and political persecution. The main destinations of these emigrants were other parts of the empire as well as the United States, southeast Europe, Germany, and Russia. In the interwar period immigration restrictions imposed by the United States shifted emigration toward new destinations such as Canada, Latin America, and France. Smaller immigration flows in that period consisted mostly of return migration in reaction to the foundation of the independent Czechoslovak state in 1918 and the entry of Russian post-revolutionary exiles (Drbohlav et al. 2009).
- assimilation and exclusion;
- ethnic conflict;