Standard Article

Demographic deficit and migration

Migration A–Z


  1. Mehmet Serkan Tosun

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm160

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Tosun, M. S. 2013. Demographic deficit and migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


Demographic deficit refers to an imbalance or shortage, in the human population of a country, province, or any other regional or local jurisdiction that arises mainly from differences in age, sexes, and geographic concentration of that population, such as rural–urban or suburban population differences. While different forms of demographic imbalances have been present throughout human history, recent focus has been on the significant shift in the age distribution towards an older population, which is also referred to as population aging. Migration as a response to demographic deficit has received particular attention recently, where replacement migration has been examined as one possible solution to demographic deficit.


  • demography and population studies;
  • employment and unemployment;
  • transnationalism;
  • labor;
  • labor supply