Standard Article

Development and underdevelopment

Migration A–Z

D

  1. Paul Shankman

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm168

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Shankman, P. 2013. Development and underdevelopment. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Development and underdevelopment are macroeconomic rubrics that have influenced the study of migration for the past sixty years. After World War II, during the movement for independence by former colonies, theories of economic development were popular in Western academic, government, and policy circles. These theories usually focused on stages of growth within nations and processes of modernization that would follow Western models of economic transformation with appropriate injections of capital, entrepreneurial expertise, and removal of traditional barriers to modernity, and free trade.

Keywords:

  • development;
  • class;
  • capitalism;
  • revolution;
  • poverty;
  • imperialism;
  • protests