Diasporas and colonization in Classical Antiquity
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Woolf, G. 2013. Diasporas and colonization in Classical Antiquity. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
During the early Holocene humans had followed the retreating glaciers and repopulated Europe. The subsequent spread of agriculture westwards and northwards raised population densities across the continent and provided the conditions for complex societies to emerge. Long-distance exchange can be documented for the Neolithic and Bronze Ages in many commodities, among them spondylus shells, stone axes, amber, and metal ores. Transfers of technology took place too, as is easily documented by the spread of metallurgy and domesticates. Iron working, wagons, coinage, and the potter's wheel all arrived during the first millennium bce.