Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Mulaj, K. 2013. Ethnic cleansing. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
The term “ethnic cleansing” captures the grim reality of a long-standing historical problem, such as the mass expulsion of ethnic minorities. As a state policy, mass expulsion has been first attributed to the Assyrians, who during the years 883–859 bce and 669–627 bce are reported to have resettled up to 4.5 million people in order to crush their resistance and disloyalty (Bell-Fialkoff 1996: 7). Prior to the Middle Ages the dynamics of ethnic cleansing were mainly economic: in service of control of alien territories. In the Middle Ages, nonetheless, ethnic cleansing was perpetrated also on religious grounds against minorities who did not subscribe to the established religion (Walling 2000).
- ethnic cleansing;
- ethnic conflict;
- political asylum;
- humanitarian intervention