Standard Article

Famine and migration

Migration A–Z

F

  1. Graeme Hugo

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm218

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Hugo, G. 2013. Famine and migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Famines in both historical and contemporary times have been both a scourge and a significant process in the development of society. Famines are crises where a region or country experiences a prolonged per-capita decline in food intake which directly and indirectly gives rise to excess death (Alamgir 1978). However, its causes are complex, involving not only drought and ecological degradation (Kumar 1990) but also a complex interaction between food supply, distribution, and demand factors (Ezra 2001). There are theoretical formulations regarding how such stimuli as socioeconomic crises – famines, for instance – produce a range of responses (Ezra 2001). Among demographers the work of Davis 1963, Bongaarts and Cain 1981, and Dyson 1989 has been especially important.

Keywords:

  • diaspora;
  • poverty;
  • war;
  • famine;
  • food