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Film and migration, Latin America

Migration A–Z

F

  1. Claudio Canaparo

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm228

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Canaparo, C. 2013. Film and migration, Latin America. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

“Migration” in its modern sense encompasses a range of concepts, including immigration, emigration, exile, and refugees, terms that refer to all sort of movements, translations, and delocalizations of populations and individuals. This is why nowadays “migration” is broadly associated with mobility in sociological terms (see, e.g., Urry 2000, 2005, 2007; Elliott & Urry 2010). And, no less importantly, due to this sociological standpoint, the term migration is also associated with the question of how we approach population issues when societies no longer exist in the traditional sense. In Latin America, historically speaking, up to the 20th century the dominant concept was immigration, mainly because countries were trying to increase their populations and to establish their territory (Pellegrino 1995). This lead to the relevant “national narration” sought being determined by the fact that the country was receiving people. It was after World War II that the movement of populations and persons in Latin America acquired other forms, such as (1) of the generation of an increase in local populations (alto crecimiento) (Pellegrino 1995); (2) reversion in the direction of migration and an increase in internal migration; and/or (3) the internationalization of economic migration (locally called trabajador golondrina, or seasonal workers) (Pellegrino 2003; Pérez Brignoli 2010). During the period, the notion of an exile or a refugee also become more relevant, to refer to movements and changes in population rather than just indicating, as was the case historically, the situation of a group of politicians and/or intellectuals (see Naficy 2001; CEPAL 2006).

Keywords:

  • diaspora;
  • indigenous peoples;
  • cultural diversity;
  • empire;
  • gender