Gentrification and displacement
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Watt, P. 2013. Gentrification and displacement. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
This essay provides an overview of the topic of gentrification with an emphasis on displacement. According to the urban geographer Tom Slater (2009: 294), gentrification means “the transformation of a working-class or vacant area of a city into middle-class residential and/or commercial use.” Incoming high-income groups therefore colonize (gentrify) a previously working-class urban neighborhood, as occurred in postwar Islington, north London, which prompted the sociologist Ruth Glass to coin the term “gentrification” back in 1964 (Lees et al. 2008: 4). However, contemporary gentrification occurs on a far larger scale than in previous decades and refers more broadly to the class remaking of cities which are being economically, physically, and culturally transformed via large-scale property development – increasingly under the aegis of state-driven urban regeneration programs – into living and leisure spaces for the affluent middle classes (Smith 2002; Lees et al. 2008).
- demography and population studies;
- political economy;