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Government and private support for migrants in receiving countries

Migration A–Z

G

  1. Gunilla Fincke

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm258

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Fincke, G. 2013. Government and private support for migrants in receiving countries. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

As the population of migrants has increased significantly in the period from the end of World War II to the early 21st century, the question of government and private support for migrants in receiving countries has taken on growing importance. This support serves three key goals: (1) improving integration conditions for migrants on either a temporary or permanent stay; (2) fostering transnational lifestyles by concluding agreements with actors in countries of origin that ease circular migration; (3) encouraging migrants to return to their countries of origin – for example, by paying repatriation grants, offering micro credits in the countries of origin, and making social security payments transferable. While repatriation aid has been significant at, for example, the end of guest-worker schemes in Western Europe, and transnational migration is of growing interest because of the migration–development nexus, support for integration remains by far the most important type of support that receiving countries provide. This essay will therefore only deal with the first aspect: that is, support for ensuring immigrants' equal participation in key areas of society (Bommes 2009) such as schooling and training, the labor market, social and political rights, housing and health.

Keywords:

  • development;
  • sustainable development;
  • regional development;
  • employment and unemployment;
  • immigration;
  • transnationalism;
  • poverty