Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Ateljevic, I. 2013. Hippy trails. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration.
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
The ideology of hippy subculture – a youth movement that arose in the United States during the mid-1960s, which subsequently spread to Europe – was partly locally produced and partly imported from the East. One invited another. The political conditions of the cold war, McCarthyism, the growing threat and increasingly destructive nature of the atom bomb, and the Vietnam War created fertile ground for the offspring of the depression generation to reject their parents' values of prudence, order, hygiene, and Judeo-Christian morality. Their ideals were: personal empowerment, cultural and political decentralization, communal living, ecological awareness, higher consciousness (often achieved with the aid of psychedelic drugs), and radical liberal political consciousness (Ray and Anderson 2000). The West was perceived as polluted, and pureness was thought by many to be found in the opposite geographic direction, in the East.
- identity politics;
- cultural diversity