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Horn of Africa, migration late 19th century to present

Migration A–Z

H

  1. Shimelis Bonsa Gulema

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm273

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Gulema, S. B. 2013. Horn of Africa, migration late 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

The Horn of Africa encompasses Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, the Sudan, and South Sudan. The demographics of the region are shaped by the complexity of migration (Alula 1995; Baker 1995). This article illustrates the migration process in that region with a focus on the experiences of two areas: Ethiopia as the principal power in the region and, within Ethiopia, the Gurage as the most mobile ethnic group in the country in the 20th century. Migration is central to the shaping of societies of the Horn of Africa. Chief examples of large-scale population movements are the Oromo and the Somali, two of the largest ethnic groups in the region. The former expanded from the southern half of modern Ethiopia into central, western, and eastern provinces. Somali expansion started in south-central Somalia and thence to its north. A reverse migration later on took them to central and southern Somalia. Important population movements also occurred in the region in the modern times.

Keywords:

  • ethnic conflict;
  • foreign interventionism;
  • revolution;
  • imperialism