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Informal labor and irregular migrant workers

Migration A–Z

I

  1. Masja van Meeteren

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm302

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

van Meeteren, M. 2013. Informal labor and irregular migrant workers. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Irregular migrants, also referred to as “undocumented migrants” or “illegal migrants,” are immigrants who do not have legal permission to stay in the country they have migrated to and frequently take on informal and precarious employment. They may have entered the country legally – on a tourist visa for example – but are not allowed to reside or work there. There is broad consensus that the numbers and the global scale of irregular migration have increased over the last decades. Although there are no reliable data, it is estimated that there are between 1.9 and 3.8 million irregular migrants in the EU Vogel 2009, over 10 million in the US, and over 20 million in India Koser 2007.

Keywords:

  • political economy;
  • labor;
  • labor supply;
  • transnationalism;
  • employment and unemployment;
  • gender