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Japan: Nikkeijin migration

Migration A–Z

J

  1. Edson Urano

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm324

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Urano, E. 2013. Japan: Nikkeijin migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

The Nikkeijin people are the descendants of Japanese migrants who settled in Latin America, especially Brazil and Peru, and to a lesser extent Bolivia, Paraguay, and Argentina, who have migrated back to Japan. This migration started gradually in the mid-1980s with the return of Japanese migrants and second-generation Japanese descendants with dual nationalities, who were attracted by the employment opportunities of the Japanese labor market. The outlook was very positive at the time, as Japan's economy was growing rapidly. The prosperity, however, was followed by the sudden bursting of the economic bubble in the early 1990s and then the two decade-long economic recession. In the sending countries of Latin America the migratory movement was propelled by the social and economic crisis of the 1980s.

Keywords:

  • Asia;
  • demography and population studies;
  • labor supply;
  • labor;
  • social policy