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Korea, migration late 19th century to present

Migration A–Z

K

  1. John Lie

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm329

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Lie, J. 2013. Korea, migration late 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

The making of modern Korea in the turbulent 20th century unleashed massive migrations. In 2010 ethnic Koreans living outside of North and South Korea (usually called kyop’o or tongp’o in Korean) is estimated to number 7 million (the combined population of the two Koreas is roughly 70 million). The top three countries – China (2.5 million), US (2 million), Japan (900,000) – account for three-quarters of the Korean diaspora, followed by Canada (220,000), Russia (220,000), Uzbekistan (175,000), Australia (125,000), the Philippines (115,000), Kazakhstan (100,000), Vietnam (85,000), and Brazil (48,000) (KIS 2010; MOFAT 2010). Long a sender country, South, though not North, Korea may become a multiethnic society; the number of non-ethnic Koreans in South Korea exceeded one million by 2010.

Keywords:

  • Asia;
  • imperialism;
  • war;
  • colonialism;
  • labor supply