Korea, migration late 19th century to present
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Lie, J. 2013. Korea, migration late 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
The making of modern Korea in the turbulent 20th century unleashed massive migrations. In 2010 ethnic Koreans living outside of North and South Korea (usually called kyop’o or tongp’o in Korean) is estimated to number 7 million (the combined population of the two Koreas is roughly 70 million). The top three countries – China (2.5 million), US (2 million), Japan (900,000) – account for three-quarters of the Korean diaspora, followed by Canada (220,000), Russia (220,000), Uzbekistan (175,000), Australia (125,000), the Philippines (115,000), Kazakhstan (100,000), Vietnam (85,000), and Brazil (48,000) (KIS 2010; MOFAT 2010). Long a sender country, South, though not North, Korea may become a multiethnic society; the number of non-ethnic Koreans in South Korea exceeded one million by 2010.
- labor supply