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Migration and agrarian change

Migration A–Z

M

  1. Kenneth Roberts

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm369

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Roberts, K. 2013. Migration and agrarian change. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

If one considers that migration and agrarian change underlie economic history from the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution through the 20th century, the need to closely define our topic becomes evident. Agrarian change generally increases output per laborer, allowing movement of people from the countryside to the city. Without increased agricultural productivity, the agricultural sector will not produce the surplus to drive industrial growth. Thus, as W. Arthur Lewis says, “agricultural and industrial revolutions always go together” (Lewis 1954).

Keywords:

  • capitalism;
  • farming;
  • food;
  • political economy