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Nativity, birth rates, and migration

Migration A–Z

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  1. Akanni Akinyemi and Sunday Omoyeni

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm387

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Omoyeni, A. A. a. S. 2013. Nativity, birth rates, and migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Demographic dynamics, particularly of fertility and migration, are two major issues of contemporary global dialogue. The central discourse around this is in two parts; first, that net migration offsets population growth deficit in region of low fertility and, second, that countries of high fertility are mostly vulnerable to high volumes of movement. For instance, France, the United Kingdom, and Japan all have very low birth rates, and they are high migration destination countries. Also, African countries with the highest birth rates in the world account for one of the highest migration rates globally. Migration is considered to a large extent as a major spur for a third demographic transition, particularly for its potential to offset birth and death rates (Coleman 2006).

Keywords:

  • social policy;
  • disease;
  • women;
  • labor supply;
  • family