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Nordic region, from emigration to immigration

Migration A–Z

N

  1. Johanna Leinonen

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm394

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Leinonen, J. 2013. Nordic region, from emigration to immigration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

The migration history of the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, and Sweden) over the past two hundred years has been characterized by mass emigration in the 19th and early 20th century, followed by a slow transition to becoming immigrant-receiving nations during and after World War II. During the time of mass emigration, Nordic migrants ventured to different parts of the world: mainly to the United States but also to Canada, Australia, and South America. A larger share of Danes than other Nordic migrants moved to countries outside North America, in particular to Australia and South America. Among all Nordic migrants, sailors were usually the first ones to venture to foreign shores. For example, in the 19th century Finnish sailors could be found in South African gold mines or voyaging in the Congo River Jensen 1931; Koivukangas 2008.

Keywords:

  • immigration;
  • labor supply;
  • citizenship;
  • rights