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Organized crime and migration: the Lombroso Mafia myth

Migration A–Z

O

  1. Michael Woodiwiss

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm403

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Woodiwiss, M. 2013. Organized crime and migration: the Lombroso Mafia myth. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Most media outlets, governments, and international organizations in the early 21st century tend to favor descriptions that identify the term “organized crime” with large-scale conspiratorial entities such as the Mafia, the Triads, and Colombian – or Mexican – drug “cartels.” When definitions are used to describe organized crime, as they were in the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (UNTOC of 2003), they tend to be formulated as groups of people who combine in structured organizations to commit crimes. Many academics agree, however, that the complexity of systematic illegal activity makes a satisfactory definition elusive, and some would claim that the constant repetition of centralizing demonologies conceals more than it reveals about the problem.

Keywords:

  • capitalism;
  • criminal justice;
  • immigration;
  • violence;
  • civil rights