Pacific Islands, migration 18th century to present
Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Bedford, G. H. a. R. 2013. Pacific Islands, migration 18th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Oceania was the last major region to be settled, and recently the dates of earliest continuous settlement in many of the islands in the eastern Pacific have been shown to be four centuries later than was thought (Wilmshurst et al. 2011). From the outset of human settlement mobility has been a constant feature of life in this “sea of islands” (Hau'ofa 1994). The navigation and sailing skills of Micronesians (northern and central Pacific) and Polynesians (eastern Pacific) are widely recognized (Lewis 1972; Levison et al. 1973; Finney 1994). Melanesians (western Pacific) were more mobile within their much larger continental islands than is sometimes assumed for their small-scale, linguistically diverse societies (Brookfield 1971). Garden rotation, exogamy in marriage, and complex trading networks for foods and items prized in ceremonial events meant that there was considerable intra-island as well as inter-island mobility. These were not sedentary subsistence societies.
- labor supply;
- social policy