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Paraguay, migration 19th century to present

Migration A–Z

P

  1. Hugo Oddone

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm407

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Oddone, H. 2013. Paraguay, migration 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

Paraguay's historic migratory experience is one of paradox. Since the 1860s, colonizers opened the region's doors in an unrestricted way to immigration – but despite these efforts – the country became a nation of emigration. At the close of the Triple Alliance War (1864–1870) during which Argentina, Brazil, and Uruguay fought against Paraguay, immigration was announced as a strategic policy in order to repopulate the country, demographically reduced to 30 percent of the prewar population by the military conflict. Immigration was a necessity to reactivate the country's economy, which had been completely destroyed by the war.

Keywords:

  • South America;
  • labor;
  • labor supply;
  • poverty