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Penal colonies

Migration A–Z

P

  1. Stephen A. Toth

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm408

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Toth, S. A. 2013. Penal colonies. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

The practice of transporting common-law convicts to lands that served as overseas penal colonies came into being in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Penal colonization was an attempt on the part of many European powers to build new societies on the labor of convicts. All nations who engaged in the practice believed that convict labor could be made productive in the colonies while also serving as the primary means by which the prisoner was morally reformed.

Keywords:

  • colonialism;
  • empire;
  • immigration;
  • criminal justice;
  • poverty