Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
Copyright © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration
How to Cite
Toth, S. A. 2013. Penal colonies. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .
- Published Online: 4 FEB 2013
The practice of transporting common-law convicts to lands that served as overseas penal colonies came into being in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Penal colonization was an attempt on the part of many European powers to build new societies on the labor of convicts. All nations who engaged in the practice believed that convict labor could be made productive in the colonies while also serving as the primary means by which the prisoner was morally reformed.
- criminal justice;