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Political economy of refugees

Migration A–Z


  1. Paolo Novak

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm418

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Novak, P. 2013. Political economy of refugees. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


The study of refugees necessarily starts from law, because despite episodes of politically motivated migration, as well as the notion of asylum being a constant feature throughout history, the modern refugee institution is a legal one. As stated in Article 1A(2) of the 1951 UN Convention on the Status of Refugees and Stateless Persons, a refugee is a person who can, on a case- by-case or group basis, be determined to have a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, or membership of a particular social group or political opinion; who is outside the country of his nationality; and who is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country (UNHCR 2005: 55).


  • political economy;
  • labor;
  • labor supply;
  • regional development;
  • sustainability;
  • development;
  • class