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Protohistoric European migrations

Migration A–Z


  1. Timothy Champion

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm425

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Champion, T. 2013. Protohistoric European migrations. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


Migrations in protohistoric Europe (1000 bce to 500 ce outside the Classical world of the Mediterranean) fall into three categories: (1) hypothetical migrations invoked to explain observed patterns of similarity in material culture shown by archaeology, or (2) those deduced from the distribution of languages recorded by historical linguistics, or else (3) the migrations and invasions of northern barbarians recorded by Greek and Roman authors. Genetic analysis of modern populations has produced no evidence of significant population movements in this period, while analysis of ancient human remains is still at a preliminary stage. Historical, archaeological, linguistic, and genetic data provide different results, which do not yet offer a unified picture (Sims-Williams 1998).


  • Atlantic world;
  • archaeology;
  • community;
  • food;
  • geopolitics;
  • imperialism;
  • indigenous peoples;
  • antiquity