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Puerto Rico, migration 1868 to present

Migration A–Z

P

  1. Jorge Duany

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm428

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Duany, J. 2013. Puerto Rico, migration 1868 to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

In 1898, the United States invaded Puerto Rico during the Spanish-Cuban-American war. In 1901, the US Supreme Court defined Puerto Rico as “foreign to the United States in a domestic sense,” in other words neither a state of the American union nor an independent country. The Court also ruled that the island was an “unincorporated territory … belonging to … but not a part of” the United States (Downes v. Bidwell 1901). The Court later declared that Puerto Ricans were not “aliens” for immigration purposes in the United States (Gonzales v. Williams 1904). In 1917, Congress granted US citizenship to all persons born on the island, without extending to them all constitutional rights and duties.

Keywords:

  • imperialism;
  • Atlantic world;
  • immigration;
  • labor supply