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Remittances and international migration

Migration A–Z


  1. Alex Julca

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm445

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Julca, A. 2013. Remittances and international migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013


International labor migration is a complex multidimensional process, as much as vulnerability and resilience reflects the complex capacities of individuals and groups. As a coping mechanism, migration is directed at reducing environmental and socioeconomic vulnerabilities. In this regard, the nature of the migration stream as well as embedded structures of inequality and immigration policies will affect the chances for reducing vulnerabilities. Considering the different skill levels, highly skilled migrants generally move to improve income and quality of work, while low-skilled migration is typically driven by the need to reduce economic insecurity. The former would have a better chance of entering destination countries legally and with better prospects for employment, while the latter group would likely be exposed to undocumented migration and low wages in their cities of destination. As a consequence, economic and adaptation processes for both streams will differ.


  • capitalism;
  • international law;
  • development;
  • labor supply;
  • poverty