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Structural adjustment policies and international migration

Migration A–Z

S

  1. Andrés Solimano

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm520

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Solimano, A. 2013. Structural adjustment policies and international migration. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

The financial crisis and great recession that destabilized the United States and European economies from 2008 to 2009, and the slow recovery of growth and employment afterward with recurrent spells of financial and currency instability, large fiscal deficits, uncertainty, fragility in the banking system, and persistent unemployment is compounding problems facing the economies to productively absorb their workforce. These developments, in turn, deter immigration and slow remittances flows by immigrants working in the global North (Haddad & Shepherd 2011). In the past, these crises were often the lot of developing countries affected by recurrent macroeconomic imbalances, unstable growth, and financial fragility, particularly since the shift in the 1970s toward export promotion and market-oriented neoliberal policies (Harvey 2005; Saad-Filho & Johnston 2005).

Keywords:

  • poverty;
  • international agencies;
  • political economy;
  • sustainability;
  • social policy