Standard Article

Sweden, migration 19th century to present

Migration A–Z

S

  1. Per-Olof Grönberg

Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781444351071.wbeghm526

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration

How to Cite

Grönberg, P.-O. 2013. Sweden, migration 19th century to present. The Encyclopedia of Global Human Migration. .

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 FEB 2013

Abstract

The view of preindustrial Sweden as a geographically static society is distorted; migration was a part of everyday life and the most common demographic feature. Early 19th-century Swedes changed residence 10 times on average during their lifetime, which is only twice less than the present day. Distances moved were shorter, however. People moved between their closest rural parishes and sometimes to nearby towns. On the parish level, in- and outmigration equaled each other and did not cause major population redistributions. Numerous small and isolated local “labour markets” constituted migration's framework. People moved to earn their living within these borders (Tedebrand 1999; Dribe & Stanfors 2005).

Keywords:

  • Atlantic world;
  • poverty;
  • labor;
  • labor supply